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The influence of MOOCs in encouraging institutions and organizations to (also) offer their services online

The MOOCs seem to be more and more convenient for both students and professors worldwide, giving each student the possibility to follow the classes regardless of any logistic issues that have to be taken into consideration in the case of offline courses. The problem has been debated long enough, and although there is no clear sentence to be applied on an international scale what’s most important is this massive trend of creating all sorts of (open and closed) online platforms in order to substitute the classical teaching behavior. Of course there is a large number of consequences to be taken into consideration, especially concerning the student-teacher relationship, but what’s more important is that most of the world’s highly important universities have a policty concerning this democratization of the courses. Lately, even the most conservative educational institutions have followed this trend, among which the most relevant examples are Harvard and Education Investor, prestige universities claiming for the mass availability of their learning programs.

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But what makes the subject of online mass interest besides the universities’ online classes held for the mass public interested in different specific domains and branches is the possibility to anticipate a trend among other entities offering educational services. Perhaps the most important of these are the online language degrees which are highly possible to be largely available online in the near future. This tendency of liberalization and democratization of the educational act itself is not going to have an impact on the prices and fees paid by the students in order to obtain the future’s online degrees. However, as the language certificates are highly important whenever a student wishes to follow the courses of foreign universities or even to apply for a qualified job position in the field of study he’s got a degree in, it’s also highly possible that this tendency will extend online.

The advantages of this mass offer are only going to cause an increase in the request on the targeted market of services. The students are more likely to be found interesteinby online events and programs than by offline ones as the most research in social psychology sho the , reason for which being online constitutes a huge advantage for the language degree service providers. Generating income by offering online language degrees is going to make the service providers more popular among students. Technologic breakthroughs show that once a trend is started its online life is prone to last as much as the content of the service is truly useful and satisfying. In the case of foreign languages this would bring vital advantages and has the potential of even raising the level of students’ knowledge in terms of number of languages mastered.

Another mention is important. Developing all sorts of applications for beginners to start learning new foreign languages makes possible the transfer towards this branch of activity. In other words, there are technological premises for this to happen in the near future. It’s not even a matter of what our children will be learning, but how our siblings are going to assimilate new languages and get degrees. As one of the most disputed tests is testing the level of skills concerning the spoken language, application based on voice recognition can be improved in order to identify the level of corectness of the spoken content. As there already exists an impressive number of applications focused on virtual written conversations, there is also the chance that those can be extrapolated to verbal communication. The nature of variables to be taken into consideration isn’t scarry for the software developers, meaning that the fluency and certainty can be identified and a number of points (depending on which the grades are going to vary) are going to be allocated to each of these as well. This sort of development in allocating online language degrees is meant to both stimulate the students and the service providers to continue their activities and contribute to the informational background of the students. The level of higher education can (if not significantly, then at least nuanced) increase based exclussively on the information (i.e. the students’ accessibility to online language degrees) specially delivered to the students. Awareness is highly important in starting trends among the recipients of higher education and since technology allows this to happen, the democratization of language courses and degrees has all the premises to be thought of as both convenient and sustainable.

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The importance of reputation in higher education

The importance of reputation in higher education is taken as a social given, as well as an identity card for the student who has recently finished schooling and needs to find a job. It is not only seriously taken into consideration by the former student, but by the human resources departments of the companies as well.

Reputation_of_Universities

While this is a very common criterion on basis of which the selection process is taking place, there are certain situations in which both the company and the student coming from a less popular education institution are in the position to lose significantly, especially on the long run. From a company’s point of view, an employee with a great resumé who has graduated a very popular university will always have the possibility to get a better job, regardles the conditions the company’s offering. In other words, it’s considerably harder to fidelize an employee who has lots of opportunities ahead, as it is also harder to motivate him do his best in his work.

On the other hand, the student who has graduated an unknown university is constantly motivated. The reason for which he’s in the position to compete with someone who has finished a prestige university in the first place is that he’s a figher: constantly working, very interested and passioned in the field, never giving up something just because it takes lots of resources to happen or work properly.

Another thing that has to be taken into consideration is that this brand equity isn’t necessarily an immutable truth. On the contrary, it is the result of constant scientific results of huge international relevance. And even if the scientific performances do occur on a regular, annual basis, there is no guarantee whatsoever that every single student is capable of producing such relevant concent in the field. This inductive reasoning isn’t necessarily correct, as isn’t its opposite.

Having graduated an unknown university and not having any scientific performance in the area doesn’t immediately clasify you as mediocre, since the problem of poor technolgy still persists and is one of the main grounds on which the scientific results of research are poor. It is, if we may, a vicious circle. The low budget is the cause for inadequate technological equipment, which is the cause for poor scientific results, which, at its turn, is the cause of lack of money and popularity. The student, who is supposed to be the center of interest for the higher education institutions doesn’t get to have anything to say or do, most of the times, to change this state of facts. Which brings us back to the previous point, showing that the inductive reasoning of associating the student with the institution that provided education isn’t necessarily accurate. Of course, there are plenty of situations in which it is, but it’s not naturally a rule.

The reputation of a university should never be the primary criterion on basis of which the employee selection is made, rather an ultimate yardstick. As a criterion to adjudicate, some other connected issues should also be taken into consideration, such as the fact that a reputation isn’t by definition a state of things, but a golbal perception we attribute to a state of things. And as branding and advertising constantly evolve, maintaining a reputation is not a very hard thing to manage, especially when the university has been the springboard of an impressive number of scientists. But while a university was very well seen ten years ago, we can’t continue to attribute its former qualities to its performance today. Rather, if we decide to adjudicate on basis of popularity, we should permanently follow the almanacs and chronicles, as well as the ISI publications in the fields we’re hiring staff, in order to be somewhat accurate about our decisions.

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Facts and trends in higher education. Where to?

 education

The option of part-time jobs among undergraduates isn’t a mystery anymore, nor is it a secret to anyone. Nonetheless, this fact comes together with some connections and tendencies reflecting on the students’ performance. The immediate impulse would be to think of full-time undergrads who are forced, because of varied financial reasons, to apply for part-time jobs as having a lower general school performance. The truth is that being employed in order to financially support themselves is, in fact, a sign of dedication and perseverance. 23% of the full-time students in the United States of America work as unqualified employees. Surprisingly, recent studies have shown that their school situation is, in fact, better than their colleagues, despite all odds, as there is the tendency to gradually increase the value of their grades. Another recently researched fact is that 12% at most of the Asian undergrads in America are willing to sacrifice 20 hours a week for a part-time job, while the majority thinks that it would drastically affect their overall school performance.

One of the main causes of this general financial problem lies in the fact that almost 48% of the undergraduates in America live in families whose entire annual earnings don’t overcome $40, 000, hence the youth obligation to self-sustain their college outlays, at least partially. This social-economic situation doesn’t apply, however, to 4,5% of the students, whose general annual income per family is higher than $160, 000. A report of the general performance level in higher education comparing the wealthy students to the poorer ones shows that the latter tend to be more serious, dedicated and, therefore, obtain better results.

Currently, the biggest State University in U.S. is Arizona State University, and most of the students there haven’t made their choices following the fees exclusively, but the satisfactory report between the facilities, technology and education level on one hand and the outgoings on the other. Arizona’s enrollment rate in higher education has grown by 148% during the last 13 years, while general enrollment in the U.S. has increased by 38%. Another observed direction concerns common majors, which has declined by 5% during the last 10 years.

Out of the total number of current students in the U.S. over 19% hope to be able to follow a Ph. D. and consider remaining in the university system, either in research on the field or as actual professors. The expected state of facts for the following 10 years is for the number of high school graduates to grow 10 %. Therefore, the university challenge would be attracting the students by applying popular measures, such as diminishing the level of education fees or investing in advanced technology to compensate for the high costs.

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Computer Science – the best plan B for any student

The STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and math) are believed to be the most unexploited fields of activity judging after their popularity and mass attendance. A lot of fuss has been made about these vital domains that are in true need of experts, since the technological means and programs seem to have taken over the manufacturing ones more and more. While many education experts believe that we’re facing a STEM experts crisis, other argue that this is just a myth. The main identified problem is that if the United States of America won’t push its students towards these fields it is in danger to lose competitiveness and the importance as an innovator because of its poor policymaking management.

On the one hand, STEM employees represent only 7% of the total workforce of America, as the current tendency is attending managerial boards once being over the age of 35 – so literally stop working in the domain as it is. This is the reason why STEM jobs are believed to only be effective for a period of 10, maybe 15 years long, after which the employee will most likely occupy a regulatory position in the organization or company he works for.

There has been a ranking made after some relevant constituting criteria, such as work environment, stress level and job position and the results show that, while it’s basically impossible to obtain the best ranking in any field, there are some favored positions, the first one being software engineer.

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And because the anticipations made in 2010 about the way the fields are going to evolve in the next 10 years presume that only 14% of the STEM employers will focus on science and engineering and only 2% in math, it’s vital to constantly remind to anyone who decides to follow any form of higher education that a) a double specialization is never unwelcome and b) we very often tend to ignore the importance of analytical thinking.

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And as point a) is self-explanatory for the most part (it is common sense based to presume that obtaining two certifications can help you to easily find a job), point b) needs some supplementary explanations. Architecture, humanist sciences as well as the medical field and any other domain of activity you can think of is constituted on computational thinking. It is, therefore, vital to invest in it in order to better perform in our own fields of activity. For instance, understanding causality is completely necessary for a doctor, as well as for a town planner or marketer. And the truth is, general knowledge and, globally speaking, pre-university education doesn’t stress enough on the analytical, critical thinking part. While proving a theory as being either right or wrong, some tendencies have to be analyzed, closely followed as well as some behavioral patterns have to be identified. But since we don’t work on this on a satisfactory level, even the easiest conclusions can take a lot of time for being drawn.

In conclusion, be it (or not) that STEM fields need to be occupied and a larger number of students should follow them, it’s essential to permanently encourage their attendance in these technical fields for a better critical thinking that can be exploited afterwards in the STEM domains per se or in any other activity fields. What’s being ignored during this whole debate about profitability and sustainability is sustainability and profitability themselves. Investing in a nation’s innovative processes and technologies, as well as in trend-setting actions has to be based not on pure happenings and fortunate series of hazards, but on strongly scientifically related processes that we have to encourage in every domain.

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How much does the college certificate matter? Changing paradigms

The educational paradigms inside which we’re developing educational processes on a side or another (as teachers or students) is continuously changing and so are the perceptions on it. The college fees in the United States of America alone have surpassed the immense number of $1 trillion in terms of student debt and the question to be asked is if it really is worth it, given the growing unemployment rate, especially in some sectors of activity.

education1Of course, taking successful dropouts like Steve Jobs and Bill Gates as role models would be a faulty way of thinking, pretty counterproductive as well in matters of the innovation and trends that have to be anticipated in an extraordinarily accurate manner in order to be a successful person as well. This second prejudice, is, therefore, far from flawless and the only thing that remains to be done is analyzing the market tendencies as well as the educational directions that are to be followed.

Instead of just dropping college or deciding not to attend it, the future students should better be very careful when choosing what courses to follow, guided after the employing tendencies and the evolution anticipations made the year when they finish high school. Also, research has found that word to mouth strategy doesn’t really apply in this case – or at least it shouldn’t. Opting for other specialization or course just because of having one or two friends that didn’t succeed in hiring after finishing college is wrong because of the intelligence and passion differences that we tend to ignore, especially about people we care about – and such biases are not recommended either.

The highest rates of unemployment, according to a study made by Anthony Carnevale, Ban Cheah and Jeff Stroh from the Center of Education and the Work Force in 2012 is in architecture (over 13%) because of the recession that has stopped the construction and home building tendencies as well as in non-technical majors such as social sciences, law and public policy, humanities and liberal arts.

The employment rate is, however, relative and has to be cumulated with the economic predictions for the following years, in order for the choice to be truly made wittingly, in the know. For computer sciences, for instance, the things to be taken into consideration vary from the specific field of the software or hardware course that the student is going to follow to the hiring tendency that seems not to take into consideration the major of the future employee unless it’s a shootout criterion. But most of the college degrees in computer sciences don’t really qualify the student in a specific field of activity, the reason for which even though they do bring a general field knowledge input, the hiring process won’t always be taken into consideration. And this is where the problem really becomes complicated. The MOOC educational systems seems to gain terrain in the educational field and to be perceived as truly convincing courses that improve the specific knowledge of the future employee, especially if they’re cumulated with a formal educational degree.

It is, indeed, true, that over 40% of the working adults in the United States of America have now a college degree, compared to less than 7% during the ‘50s, but the past is not really what we’re looking at when we’re trying to identify the tendencies to come. Bottom line, following college just for the diploma doesn’t guarantee hiring, especially in the fields where the unemployment rate is high or growing, while the student loans have reached a new record, but when finding a specialization there are other aspects to be taken into consideration as well.

learning flexibility

Education, health care, professional systems and business are, nonetheless, domains in which having a formal degree is one of the most important criteria in hiring – so, for what we know, those trends also take into consideration the working field we want to be hired in – while the unemployment rate is also quite low as well, because of the continuous need of experts in the working area, regardless of the economic factors. These basic social commodities need to be developed in order to give the society grounds to develop on, so if the student decides to follow one of these study areas, there’s not so much to question.

Outperforming the BA degree is also highly important so that the employer can see that the future employee stands out and brings a critical, valuable advantage to the company or institution he or she is going to work for or collaborate with. Voluntary work, as well as supplementary courses, are of great help when trying to prove competence, interest, and implication, as well as inner motivation that doesn’t only depend on the amount of money you gain from a working (or similar to working) experience. These are the future employees that can easily be ‘dragged’ into the retention process, which is – most of the times – a win-win situation. The company gains a faithful, loyal worker and the employee has a stable job and the possibility to advance in function accordingly.

Worst combination. There are lots of students who opt for the fields with huge unemployment rates and small earnings as well, which makes it hard to be exploited down the road. Of course, the significant structural and economic shifts are to be taken into consideration as well, as are the directions that seem very hard to be predicted. On the other hand, the young adults’ work participation has decreased back to its 1972 rate, while the 2000s weren’t exactly the most fruitful period for the employment rate of the young adults, decreasing from 2000 to 2012 from 84% to 72%, a quite alarming fact.

Nonetheless, the current state of affairs in higher education isn’t clearly the perfect way to do things either. This explains the MOOCs as a necessity, a developing trend based on the young generation’s need of specific education, unlimited by social, cultural and geographic boundaries in creating and consolidating a consistent expertise based on which the hiring process should – we’re not saying it does, either – take place. This flawed mentality that you take what you pay for especially in the United States of America has turned into – pay for as much as possible for not to follow a district college but as this becomes as trend the chances to be hired after finishing a well reputable college decreases and the entire high educational perceptions is that it becomes massified and overflow.

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Critical thinking – or why we should encourage creativity in higher education

Human creativity processes are a true miracle even for the scientists in the area, since they can’t be artificially developed and represent a form of exclusive human behavior, differing at the same time from a person to another in such manner that the chance that one thousand made to speak on the same topic, say a famous painting or a band they all like, will say the approximate same things is so unlikely that’s almost impossible. Rarely can you find resemblances between two people’s opinions from that crowd of subjects made speak on the topic in cause. And why is this a highly important thing to be taken into consideration by all the representatives of higher education? Because this fact has to be connected with another extremely important one, as it follows.

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Think of the unpredictability rate concerning how world is going to look like in a dozen years. It’s not only groundless to make assumptions and presumptions, but also tedious somehow. Technology, politics, education itself are following some trends that twenty years ago were so unlikely to happen that it was almost useless for anyone to have tried to make a foresight. The capacity for innovation makes us evolve in ways that you’d think are not only implausible, but almost impossible as well.

And yet let’s take a look at the higher education today. Asia’s top universities are experiencing tremendous scientific competition, and have spectacularly evolved in the past two decades, online education and home schooling are gaining more and more terrain because of the reliability and glibness, yet the classical university framework still exists and disputes its territory on the worldwide tops.

And what does this have to do with creativity? Connecting the capacity of innovation with the improbability to anticipate the future trends and directions of evolution will take us to a multitude
of possible directions where no anticipation is necessary. Universities will, therefore, encourage creative thinking instead of just solving rigid tasks, this way helping any of these directions come true and develop into a future trend or set of concepts around which the academic activity will blossom as well.

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Classical means of teaching such as lectures can’t even attract the students the way they used to when our parents were in school. Why is that? Because of the stimuli explosion that we’re getting in contact with every day from which we have empirically learned that any impulse has to be powerful enough for us to keep focused and not only content-wise, but formally and structurally speaking as well.

Exploiting creativity at the level of college students is important, but clearly not enough. The association and free thinking has to be encouraged from primary school, because – as any other capacity, imagine the locomotory one – creativity drastically diminishes over time if it’s not frequently and constantly used. Therefore, encouraging it means giving new lines of thought to the university studies in the future as well instead of just adapting to a new trend. Making universities creative incubators is being one step forward concerning all types of research in any domain you can think of. It’s focusing on encouraging trend genesis and commencement, walking off the beaten path.

We barely acknowledge the existence of creativity in most of the fields in higher education today, while many neuroscientists have shown that favoring its manifestations of all kind is in itself a sign of well-being inside the paradigms that we’re scientifically supporting.

What to do. Three basic steps

It’s also a sign of critical thinking, as we promised to link to you. Acting critical inside an educational system supposes questioning every supposed fact in order to falsify it and give something better in return or, perhaps more than just this, moving forward with the conclusions of someone else who’s been researching in the domain before the new student generations. The value addition is not only thought provoking, but a very pragmatic consent we’ll have to unanimously admit: drawing new paths and sketching directions rather than just following the already assigned ones.

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These changes can’t, though, be made overnight, but through some policy making devised in some steps to be followed, as a guide, by the professors and class holders (regardless their function). Being open to change is the first thing to be done and formally encouraged. Creativity doesn’t just occur, it has to be determined, maintained and managed.

Challenge. Such constant tasks represent a quality mechanism that works like a slippery slope in the causal chain of task – work – performance and raises the involvement rate and the active interest of the students significantly. All the innovative solutions brought have to be further exploited in other directions in order to raise responsibility and awareness concerning the relevance index that they attribute to the projects they’re working on. A very important factor are the environmental conditions that have to be designed flexibly enough to encourage problem solving as a general thinking direction.

Another very good and already used strategy to some level in universities is organizing the traditional research team in clusters, in order to encourage communicating and to maximize the inputs. The scientific challenges would be more punctual and specific this way and the thinking processes would focus exclusively on the methods and results instead of planning and structuring the duties and tasks. Combining top-down and bottom-up thinking is a great approach combination designed to create a perspective without the possibility of ignoring important details.

Accepting failure. Encouraging rational intellectual risk taking is vital in keeping the creativity level high and the people motivated. Just as brainstorming is believed not to work in larger groups than 3-4 members because of the reluctance of having all the ideas exposed in public, raising the acceptance level of wrong assumed directions consequently attracts directly proportional creativity level and, further, a higher accountability level in all the developing projects.

Interdisciplinary connections. The occidental paradigm today follows the idea that a researcher or scientist in a certain field has to have a very specific specialization in order to maximize the in depth approach and to validly contribute to the scientific community with relevant, distinctive outcomes.

While this direction is perfectly understandable and respectable, as being believed to have brought really significant scientific conclusions under this concept, interdisciplinary connections are welcome in order to widen the connection – making processes as part of the transduction and analogy – based perspectives. This method is especially valid for the connected or complementary fields, since the comparisons may stand easier when exposed to different falsificability criticism.

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What are MOOCs and why you should care

What are MOOCs?

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This is an acronym that stands for massive open online courses (MOOCs), which are nothing less than a phenomenon in online education today, since they provide free online learning and education opportunity to thousands of students at a time. Think of it as an University. No better yet an University class, with all its perks – seasoned, experienced and talented professors and a peer collective that share your own passion and enthusiasm for the subject at hand, from which you can learn and share experiences. However, instead of class of say 20 students, MOOcs allow you to join classes consisting of thousands of students.

Typically, MOOCS consist of both written and interactive video content of lectures, textbooks and quizzes which assess the knowledge you apprehend. Feedback is electronic, in interaction with other peers is made through discussion boards like forums.

What are the Pros and Cons?

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But what are the benefits with respect to traditional higher education. First of all – cost. A year tuition can go up to the five figure range which is simply preposterous and limiting a lot of people’s options and perspectives. We live an in world and age where information is so readily available and easy to find that charging this much for education is simply absurd. This marks the age of self-education.

Alas, credentials from Univesities are still important, and yet online courses and online universities are still far off from gaining a reputation that allows you to confidently boast your skills or seek a job opportunity. What you can do with a MOOCs however is test the water perfectly. So, say you’re interested in studying Mechanical Engineering for instance thought you only have hints and clues what the profession and courses for that matter look like.

Since a MOOCs is structured and behaves just like a regular uni course, this makes for a great opportunity to assess what the courses in real life, traditional university will be like. If you find that it’s not to your liking, then you just need to move on. It’s a lot better than having to lose a great deal of money and time in one or two years of college before finding out you’re not fit for that kind of subject of interest.

moocA major concern with MOOCs which sadly has affected its credibility is the high drop-out rate of the students. For instance, out of let’s say 155,000 students who signed up for an MIT course on electronic circuits this year, only 7,000 – 5% – actually passes and finished the course. Of course, the internet is riddled with folks who sign up for all kinds of thing. MOOCs isn’t something that should be taken up little. The courses there aren’t simple quizzes or surveys, but genuine next-best thing educational courses where you actually need to invest a lot of time and energy in order to complete it.

A major disadvantage, one I believe will soon turn for the better, is the fact that most of the time the credit you receive over a MOOC course is non transferable.

Where can I enroll in a MOOC course?

Here are the main providers of such services. Again, all are free!

Coursera

 

  • Offers 197 courses in 18 subjects including computer science, math, business, humanities, social science, medicine, engineering and education. [iii]
  • Some instructors offer signed certificates of completion but not from the university.

Udacity

 

  • Offers 18 courses focused on computer science, mathematics, physics and business. [iv]
  • Certificates are awarded according to academic performance (completion, distinction, high distinction, higher distinction).
  • A free job-matching program sends resumes to partner companies including Google, Bank of America, Twitter and Facebook (based on job openings and student analytics).

edX

 

  • Offers eight courses in chemistry, computer science, electronics and public health. [v]
  • Two certificates are available, which both bear the edX and campus name (MITx, Harvardx, BerkeleyX or UTAustinX).

 

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Why Petroleum Engineering Presents an Enticing Career Prospect

Engineering is one of the major streams and there are lots of jobs in the engineering field, and you may land a very high paying one, depending upon the level of expertise.Petroleum Engineering is one of the highest paying industries in the United States at the moment.

How does it make a Lucrative Career Choice?

Petroleum Engineers are responsible for the processing, designing, and supervising the extraction of natural gas and oil from the ground, till it is transferred to the storage tanks. It is one of the significant commercial needs. Petroleum engineers are reported to be paid an average salary of $119,140 per year.

Deep beneath the earth surface, you can find rocks or reservoirs that contain oil as well as natural gas. Extracting gas and oil is the primary challenge of petroleum engineers.

Role of Petro Engineers

They will determine the equipment and the methodology used for extracting the petroleum products from earth’s surface.

Engineers here make use of computers and also advanced functions that are designed for simulating the performance of the reservoir. Other computer models used at the time simulation effects include various drilling methodologies.

The job of petroleum engineers is not completely focused on field work. Engineers in this field work on different activities and projects. Most of the petroleum engineers work under these oil firms. Few start focusing on the research part that deals with testing, identifying, and implementing the methods to improve the gas and oil production.

Safety and Maintenance Aspects

They also focus on maintenance support and also safety subjects, where they look for latest updates to the systems and equipment. Few engineers work in the office setting and few spend more time in researching the recovery techniques and developing methodologies to bring oil and gas to the surface as safely and cheaply as possible.

Since all these engineers are familiar with the cost involved with gas and oil production, few work in the banks that lend funds to the oil firms. Others work under the government agencies that regulate the production of oil.

Petroleum engineers start moving towards the sites that have a strong probability of containing gas or oil. They take a sample and then co-ordinate with the disciplines to make out the amount of oil and gas present in that site. Later, proper equipment and the latest drilling methodologies are used to extract them.

The engineers determine if the gas or oil can flow out via natural force, or if other recovery techniques are required to get that out of the ground. Construction and other operations are supervised by the professionals. Once the well is constructed, engineers monitor the gas extraction from beneath. When the oil gets exhausted, they monitor the equipment removal and make sure that there are no hazardous wastes left at the site.

Engineers need to interact with co-workers. They also work with geologists and few other specialists. Whatever the situation is, they need to communicate with each other effectively.

Essential Traits of Petroleum Gas Engineers

Strong written and oral communication is very important to become a successful petroleum engineer. Communication is important because they often keep interacting with the specialists in various engineering fields.

Salaries of petroleum engineers depend upon different factors and these vary to certain extent. The starting salary of petroleum engineer is US$83,121 per annum and it is one of the highest salaries paid to a fresh graduate. Salaries alonepend upon the industry, risk factor, and other parameters.

Other factors that influence the salary of a petroleum engineer are the work experience, degree, practical knowledge, and ability to adapt, and produce great results within short span of time.

 

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A Happy Career Rule: Analyze Your Skill Set Prior To Making a Career Plunge

It is very important to know what your real skills are before you choose a job for yourself. A person should not plunge into any job without analyzing his plus and negative points otherwise he could be in for a big problem later on.

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Before you begin to email or fax your resumes to prospective employers, it is vital to conduct a self analysis of your proficiency as well as expertise. If you know what your aptitude and competence level is, chances are brighter that you will fare well in your job interview stage.

While applying for a job, it’s idealistic that you discover your strengths and weaknesses and be ready to address these. By knowing your advantage, the chances of finding & getting the job that you wish will certainly get smoother. But you shouldn’t become too confident because this is among the most common mistakes that plague job applicants. Appearing too surefooted or as somewhat of a know it all individual will merely get you tagged by your interviewer as unfit for the job.

Know Yourself In Order To Crack A Job Interview At The First Go

The most important thing to do before you go for a job interview is to ascertain your accomplishments as well as skill set. Knowing what you want to say will help you to articulate in a best possible manner your abilities as well as expertness. Some people find it tough to talk about their achievements as well as abilities. The way how you speak makes a huge amount of difference. You do not want to sound as if you are boasting about your skill set. But then should not be afraid to mention your skills. It is crucial to tell your potential employer your achievements and talents so that he can take advantage owing to them. Steer clear of any arrogant or pompous language as this will create a bad impression on your prospective employer.

What Are Different Categories Of Skills Which A Prospective Employee Can Possess?

There are mainly two main categories of skills which a prospective employer looks in for in an employee.

  • soft skills
  • Hard skills.

Hard skills include technical knowledge as regards the field of employment. Knowledge as regards specialized computer program or knowing fast typing, dexterity in using certain tools etc can be included in the category of hard skills.

Soft skills are the skills which are abstract in nature. Soft skills include personal qualities of a person such as his communication skills or team building skills, level of confidence etc.

How to Crack Your Job Interview in the First Go?

Construct a list of all your prior jobs as well as experiences gained. Then make a list of skill set required for your current job portfolio. Match your skill set with what is required out of you for your current job position. Then when you go for an interview present your skills in a manner which are best suited for the job which you are applying for. Your hobbies give an approximation of what kind of person you are. Let your prospective employer know about your hobbies which can seem beneficial for your current job. For example, you were a part of your schools’ debating team, now this can leave an impression on the mind of your employer that you are good at decision making and analyzing a problem.

Therefore, it is very important that you yourself analyze and know your skills before you select any field of work for yourself. No one wants to make a wrong career choice and regret later on.

 

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7 Essential Skills Needed To Develop a Career in IT

The Information Technology (IT) field is booming thanks to the growth of the Internet and the vast expansion of all kinds of software tools and computing equipment. There has never been a better time to be thinking of entering the IT field. However, in addition to having the proper education and training, there are a number of skills which will be essential to developing a strong IT career. Many of these may be developed along the way, but you should certainly pay attention to the direction and focus you have in relation to these essential skills.

Teamwork

teamwork

One of the most important skills anyone in the IT field needs is the ability to work as part of a team. Unless you are working for a very small company, you will not be the only member of the IT staff. So, you simply must learn how to “play well with others” and become a part of a team. Developing this skill involves putting your own ego aside and focusing on getting the job or project done in a way which is best for your company or client.

While each member of the team might have a specific role, this does not mean that you should only focus on your own. In fact, if you want to progress through the ranks, it would be helpful to learn the roles of other key players on the team. Offer to support them in their roles in any way you can. The more insight you can gain into how everything functions and works together, the more valuable you will become to the team.

IT Certification

While this may not technically fit under the category of a skill, if you really want to be taken seriously as an IT professional, you must have certification. Which ones you need will be dependent upon what areas you would like to pursue. If you want to be a system administrator, then the MCTS (Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist) is one of the top certifications to earn. If you wish to work with routers and Internet architecture, then one of the Cisco certifications would be highly valuable.

Doing your own research (such as interviewing someone in a position you would like to have in the future) is essential. You should also have a good general idea of the possible career paths you might be qualified for with such certifications.

Time Management

Time-management1

Working in the IT field demands an ability to manage your time wisely. Depending on the specific job you have in IT, there may be clients who need to have urgent problems fixed or bosses who need particular work done at a moment’s notice. You may feel like you are always rushing to put out fires and calm nerves. Get used to it — this is normal for an IT professional. When people have issues with their computers and equipment, it is an urgent problem because it interferes with their work. Knowing how to prioritize and get things done in an efficient manner is crucial to your success.

Leadership

This is very important if you ever plan to manage a team of others. Since the IT field is so accessible these days, you may have opportunities to lead even before you ascend to management positions. You simply must learn how to reach out to people, motivate them and hold them accountable for assigned tasks.

Creativity

Working in the IT field also demands a certain sense of creativity, particularly as it takes the form of problem solving. Being creative helps you to think about ways to solve problems and issues that even your bosses may not have considered. Showing creativity and imagination is also an excellent way to stand out from the crowd.

Thinking Like A CEO

To one day lead and manage others, you need to start learning how to think like a CEO. This means taking a big picture overview of your job and the tasks which need to be accomplished. A great way to go about developing such a mindset is to consider your department or team as an entire division with you responsible for managing and controlling that division.

Networking

network

You never know when the next person you meet might turn into a key contact. Since the IT field is so fluid, always be on the lookout to meet new people and develop new relationships. This could turn into a key skill that lands you the position of your dreams!

These seven skills are essential for developing and furthering your IT career. Pay close attention to them and always be thinking about how to improve yourself and you will have a bright future.